The Magazine of the Pennine Railway Society
No.12 - January
NOTES FROM THE COMMITTEE
Welcome to the third year of the PENNINE RAILWAY SOCIETY. We are
pleased to start the New Year with our best magazine to date,
including our first ever photograph. Those of you who have been
members from the formation of the society will appreciate what an
improvement this is from Magazine number 1 in January 1975.
In welcoming you we would like to say a special thank you to those
who sent rail information with their membership renewals, All
contributions are welcome to try and help make the magazine better.
As always our policy for 1977 is
to run all visits by rail and of course to gain official permission
for every visit, We were planning to travel on a BR Weekend
Excursion from Doncaster to Amsterdam in March, but since travel
between the Hook of Holland and Amsterdam is by road transport we
feel it would be harmful to ourselves and to BR to give our backing
to this venture.
Fri.14th.January - Social evening at the Cock Tavern, Phoenix Road,
Sat.22nd.January - York MPD (11.30) and.
National Railway Museum- NO CHARGE
Wed, 2nd.February- Social evening at the Masons Arms Doncaster 19.30.
Mr. R Rowland- British Transport Films.
Fri. 11th .February-Social evening at the Cock Tavern 19-30.
Sun.13th. February Crewe Works 14-30. Meet Goddard Street entrance
14.15 Members 25p,Non Members 45p.
Sun.20th. February - Doncaster Works 11-00 and MPD 12.15. Meet Plant
10.45.Members 40p,Non-Members 60p.
Sat.26th. February- South Lancashire by rail-to include Wigan,
Birkenhead. Prices on request.
Wed. 2nd. March -Social evening at the Masons Arms Doncaster 19-30.
Mr. K. ,Marshall - Steam 76.
Fri.11th .March -Social evening at the Cock Tavern 19-30.
Sun.13th. March -Doncaster MPD (13.00) and
Works (13.30).Members 40p
Non-Members 60p.Meet at MPD at 12-45.
Sat.26th. March -Glasgow Works and Eastfield MPD. Meet Springburn
entrance at 14.20 or travel by BR excursion from Doncaster-Edinburgh
and Inter-City to Glasgow.
Members 35p, Non-Members 55p.
ALL ENQUIRIES AND BOOKINGS TO TOM HELLIWELL.
LOCOMOTIVE STOCK ALTERATIONS
These will be reinstated as soon as possible.
COACHING STOCK NEWS
New Vehicles - 80431-80439 (POL)
To Eastern Region-4897,5408,13455,87118
To Midland Region-86827
NEW SOUTHGATE STATION
Late on Christmas Day a fire severely damaged New Southgate station
on the Kings Cross-Welwyn Garden City line. Passengers have been
advised to travel from Arnos Grove LT station until New Southgate
can be used again.
CHRISTMAS STRIKE CRIPPLES KINGS CROSS
An unofficial strike by loco men at Kings Cross caused
havoc on the ECML on
24 -29th. December.
The men were protesting over Christmas holiday rotas.
NO SUPPORT FOR CUP SPECIAL
A special train ran from Sheffield to Darlington In December for the
2nd. Round FA Cup tie. BR provided an 11 coach train to carry the
Sheffield Wednesday fans but only 21 supporters travelled on
the outward journey.
SNOW HITS ALSTON
The village of Alston in the South Tyne Valley was practically cut
off by blizzards- on 30th December. This was the
first test of the
all-weather road which replaced the lino from Haltwhistle to Alston
which closed in May. The village was also cut off on 11th.January.
The number of persons killed in road accidents from 1st. January
1945 to 30th June 1976 was 204,000, and the number of persons
injured was 9,171,000.
NEW STATION AT WORCESTER?
BR are carrying out a feasibility study into a new Park and Ride
InterCity station on the outskirts of Worcester. The most suitable
site is 3 miles to the South-East of the city where the
London-Worcester line crosses the Midland line. The new station
would eliminate the current 20 minute detour to serve Worcester from
the Midland line since it would be situated on the direct route.
If built it is envisaged that Worcester Shrub Hill would close, but
rail services would continue to operate into the heart of the city
at Foregate Street station.
Work has started on a £4.33m resignalling scheme between Theale near
Reading and Heywood Road near Westbury. 14 cabins will be closed and
multiple aspect colour light signals will be operated from Reading
power box. Completion of the scheme should be by the end of 1978 .
RAIL IS TOPS IN RUSSIA
Last year Soviet Railways carried 3,310 million passengers, about
the total population of the earth. Perhaps one of the reasons for
the success of the railways lies in their pricing policies. Season
tickets for instance were introduced in 1920 and have not increased
in price since that time. A yearly season ticket to a station within
6.1/2 miles of Moscow costs only 2.3/4 roubles
MISHAP ON EX-GCR MAIN LINE
A train carrying 900 tons of coal from Arkwright Colliery to
Rotherwood was derailed on 23rd December on catch points near
Beighton station after the brakes failed on the 2x20 locos which
were hauling the train. Both locomotives and the leading 3 wagons
left the road but the driver and second man had jumped to safety
after alerting the signalman by means of the horn, The train came to
rest 20 yards short of a level crossing.
ER services Barton-on-Humber-New Holland Pier, Bishop
Auckland-Darlington and Middlesbrough-Whitby were suspended on 1st
January. The Clayton West-Huddersfield and Leeds-Goole services did
not run on 3rd January.
OBJECTIONS TO BUTLINS LINE CLOSURE
British Railways Board have received objections to their proposal to
withdraw passenger services to Filey Holiday Camp station.
ELECTRIC IN BIRMINGHAM
A nameplate off EM2 electric E27005 "Minerva" now enjoys pride of
place over the bar of the "Grapes Hotel" near New Street Station in
Birmingham. The Ansell's pub has a strong railway flavour with many
other interesting items of railwayana on display including a GWR
lower quadrant distant signal and a GC "General Waiting Room" sign.
MAIN LINE STEAM TRUST
The Loughborough based MLST have been given a two week stay of
execution in their battle to secure the line from Loughborough
Central station. The MLST have been harshly treated by Nottingham
Division of BR and we wish the MLST luck in their latest battle,
Approval has been given to re-signal, electrify, and modernise the
line between St. Pancras/Moorgate and Bedford at a cost of £80m.
Completion is planned for early 1982. There will be about 12
suburban services between St. Albans City and Moorgate in the peak
hour and also 4 limited stop services between Bedford and St.
Pancras, Off peak services will be 3 trains
per hour to Moorgate, 2 starting from Luton and one from Bedford.
There will also be one hourly train from Bedford to St. Pancras
calling all stations to Radlett.
A new fleet of 48x4 car electric units will be built able to travel
at speeds of up to 90 mph. The existing mechanical signalling
between St. Pancras/Moorgate and Sharnbrook will be replaced by
multiple aspect colour light signalling covering 70 route miles (270
track miles). All train movements will be controlled from one new
signalbox at West Hampstead which will replace 29 old cabins.
To Increase overall speeds on the route realignment of tracks will
,increase the maximum speed on the local lines from 60-75mph,and on
the main line's from 90100mph on 49 route miles of which 37 route
miles will permit a speed of 110mph.
Maintenance and servicing of the units will be provided at
Cricklewood and Bedford. Electric power to the lines will be
provided at Hornsey ER.
Newton Aycliffe is the site for a new station to be built on the
Darlington-Bishop Auckland branch situated one mile north of
Heighington. The station is expected to come into use in May.
DINGWALL AND SKYE RAILWAY
By John Sanderson
There can be few more romantic sounding names than Kyle of Lochalsh
and there can be few other stretches of dramatically beautiful
country than that through which the railway line runs between
Inverness and Kyle of Lochalsh.
The Dingwall and Skye Railway reached its first terminus at
Stromeferry In 1870 but It was not until November 2nd 1897 that the
first train entered Kyle of Lochalsh. The temporary halt at
Stromeferry was due to the company running out of money, but the
impetus to go on to Kyle came with the threat of a rival route to
the Hebrides from Mallaig by the Great North British Railway.
The Kyle extension when opened was the most expensive piece of
railway engineering work ever undertaken at £20,000 per mile owing
to the necessity to blast 31 rock cuttings and build 29 bridges. At
Kyle the railhead was blasted out of solid rock.
Today the service between Inverness and Kyle consists of 3 trains
a day each way, although one Inverness-Kyle
train starts from Dingwall and runs Mondays, Fridays and Saturdays
only. Trains cover the 82 1/2 miles in roughly
The Journey from Kyle is one of infinite beauty and interest. The
train leaves Kyle by a rock cutting and is soon on the open sea
coast, and soon reaches Duirinish and then Plockton, which owes its size
to the days when
it was a busy fishing village with schooners which traded as far as
the Baltic. The train then continues to Stromeferry, the old
terminus where connections to the Hebrides could once be had. The
ferry service at Strome was withdrawn in 1971 with the building of
the new by-pass. This enabled motorists to drive up the east side of
Loch Carron whereas the only road until then had been up the west
side involving the ferry crossing. Just north of Stromeferry is an
avalanche tunnel built to protect the railway line and road from
The line then proceeds through Attadale and Strathcarron which still
retains its passing loop and beyond this is Achnashellach. This is
the country of the oldest rocks in the world, Achnashellach was once
a private station for Viscount Hill, whilst the next station,
Glencarron was once a private station for Mr. Shaw of Glencarron
Glencarron lies under the peak of Moruisg, 3026 feet. Beyond
Glencarron is the summit of the line at Luib, 700 feet above sea
level, and beyond Luib is the descent to Achnasheen where the 'up'
and 'down' trains pass. The stop is not long enough to make use of
the Station Hotel.
Achnasheen is the bleakest part of the line, bleaker still since the
felling of Scots firs in both World Wars. In the Second World War
dark men from Honduras were engaged in the felling around Loch
Maree, Achnashellach and Achnasheen.
Beyond Achnasheen is Achanalt and Loch Luichart and the line then
runs round the hill of Cnoc nah-Iolaire to Garve, the road junction
for Ullapool. Beyond Garve the train climbs the summit to Raven Rock
at Achterneed and it was the costly construction of this climb which
was a major factor in the line temporarily stopping at Strome. The
work was forced on the company owing to opposition from landowners
at Strathpeffer through which the line was to run and Strathpeffer
had the only sizeable population on the whole route. Strathpeffer
eventually had a link with the main line with a branch from
Fodderty. The climb to Raven Rock is 1:50.Achterneed station is now
closed but was known as Strathpeffer until the Spa got
its own line. The railway then proceeds to Dingwall, the Junction of
the Kyle line and the Wick-Thurso line. The line from Dingwall into
Inverness was opened in June 1862.
The Kyle line has served the nation well in Its history especially
during wartime. During the last war the western terminus was such a
strict secret that even railway clerks did not know that Port ZA was
Kyle and it was from here that all the mine laying of the entire
British fleet was done. Mines were stored all along the line in
special sidings and trains carrying them had a special timetable of
their own. The traffic was not referred to as mines but as 'units'.
In Admiralty terms Kyle of Lochalsh was known as HMS Trelawney where
4000 Navy men were stationed. One needed a passport to travel on the
Kyle train in wartime and military police kept constant patrol for
it was in the lochs between Ullapool and Aultbea that convoys were
assembled and the battle of the Atlantic was pursued.
The scene on the line has changed dramatically today with the line
run down and under constant threat of closure. Only the oil boom in
Scotland has kept the line open. In 1975 Howard
Doris Ltd. opened a private siding at Stromeferry, the terminal to
serve the oil construction site at Loch Carron and into which
100,000 tonnes of materials will be railed each year.
The line is still an essential link for the inhabitants of the area.
The road from Garve to Kyle is single lane only with 600 passing
point's and is virtually impassable in the winter months. In
November 1970 an avalanche caused the closure of the line until
March 1971. A bus put on as a temporary measure had 4 accidents
in 4 days due to ice. In the mild winter of 1971 the road had to be
gritted on 35 days.
It is rail links such as these which must not be allowed to die. The
Kyle Line is a special line. It can never be made a fast line but it
incomparably better than the journey by car and infinitely more
beautiful. The route takes you from the North Sea at Inverness to
Atlantic Ocean at Kyle
which is itself only a 4 minute ferry journey from Kyleakin on the
romantic Isle of Skye.
NOTES AND NEWS
Class 47,47090 was noted at Rotherham on 27th November in
charge of the 16-38 Leeds-Swansea. On 28th November 08388
(TE),08168(BG) and 31001 were noted on Doncaster MPD whilst the
Plant Works played host to many foreign locos including
37080/91/156/164/241/280,5500 3/10/13/21, and 56005/6/9/11.
On 4th December a Worksop-Kings Cross via Lincoln Theatre Special
was hauled by 47276. The stock was provided by Sheffield Nunnery and
a special stop was made
at Darnall to pick up catering staff.
Eastfield Class 37 No.37156 was seen heading north through Rotherham
Masborough on 10t .December and 3 days later ex-works Class 25,25073
hauled a southbound freight through the station.
EE Type 4s,40070/78/157/199 were in attendance at York on 18th
December whilst 40010 was noted passing Doncaster on an up freight
On 24th December the 09.49 Cleethorpes-Sheffield Midland was noted
at Darnall behind 40118. This service is regularly hauled by either
a Class 40 or Class 31 locomotive. On 26th December no locomotives
were to be seen at Rotherwood whilst the following day no less than
15 Class 76 Electrics were on Wath Depot. They were:
760071/12/15/21/23/24/27/28/30/31/33/43/47/51/57.On the same day 24
Class 40s were noted at Healey Mills MPD.
On 4th December 47089 'Amazon' was unusual power on a Kings
Cross-Newcastle relief and on 8th January 47176 was in charge of a
Mexborough St. Pancras 'Merrymaker' excursion.
On 9th January 45072 was noted at Rotherham Masborough in charge of
1V46 Leeds-Bristol overnight. On Sundays this train is formed of
XP64 stock. On the same day the 20.15 Sheffield-Doncaster was hauled
by 47209, whilst on the 2nd January it was hauled by 37118.
On 7th January 56014/5 were noted passing Woodhouse being hauled
towards Tinsley by 25214. Class 56s, 56012/3 arrived at Tinsley over
On January 14th the 09-49 Cleethorpes service, mentioned above was
pulled by 40028.
Reports have reached us indicating that in future all repairs to
Class 50 locomotives will be undertaken by Doncaster Works.
A further Class 52 'Western' locomotive is due to run to York on
Saturday 12th February hauling a special from Taunton. The train
will run via Bristol, Gloucester, Worcester, Birmingham, Derby and
Chesterfield. W e have been informed that at Chesterfield the train
will run via the *Old Road' through Barrow Hill and onto Rotherham,
so avoiding Sheffield Midland,
On 9th January 31018 which had been stored on Stratford MPD awaiting
preservation ran to York under its own power.
LONDON MIDLAND REGION
A Wirral Railway Circle Class 24 special to Loughborough
on 4th December was hauled by 24082 and 24087, whilst on 9th
December Eastfield Class 37,37237 passed through Derby with a
northbound fitted freight.
AL6 Electric 86254 has recently returned to normal service after
being fitted with an experimental pantograph (designed for a future
APT) at Derby Works.
On 4th December 44010 "Tryfan" was noted working through Clay Cross
Class 40 locomotives in action on the region on 12th.December
included 40112 at Guide Bridge. 40024/28/107/178 at Manchester
and 40109 at Heaton Moor. On a sadder note 40005/21/41/43 were in
Crewe Works awaiting cutting up. On the same day 24035 was seen on
an engineers train at Sandbach.
On January 8th the 'Ramaway' special
from Derby to the FA Cup 3rd. round-
tie at Blackpool was hauled by 45059, whilst 45066 hauled a Cup
special from Matlock-Carlisle. Rotherham United supporters were
taken to their cup-tie at Wolverhampton running via Water Orton and
Sutton Park, by 47173. Also on 8th January withdrawn Class 44,44001
'Scafell Pike' was present on Derby Works. Also noted in the Works
was HST power
car 253020 (W43041)
and shunters included 08507/936/493/349/182/909/225/905/397/399/ 043/455/328/885/927/454/068/074/176/739/666,whilst
56003 was on Derby Research Centre.
On 8th January 45034 failed at Derby while working the 10-40
Leeds-Paignton 'Devonian' and was replaced by 45077. On this day
08841 was noted at Bilston, 08783 at Monmore Green (Wolverhampton)
and 08674 and 08588 were in evidence at Wolverhampton High Level.
D1010 'Western Campaigner' worked an enthusiasts special to
Birmingham New Street on 27th November, whilst on 4th December 45066
hauled the 10-00 Crewe-Cardiff (normally a 46 or 47 ) and
on the same day 31196 (IM) and 37095 (TI) hauled a Mystery Excursion
1Z54 from Swansea High Street to the beautiful resort of
The following Westerns are now the only ones remaining in service
(as at 15th January: D1010,D1013,D1022,D1023,D1041,D1048,D1058.
73002/3 and 09015 were noted at Stewarts Lane and 08375 was on pilot
duty at Gillingham station on 4th December.
The 'Pompey' special from Portsmouth to the FA Cup match at
Birmingham on 8th January was hauled throughout by 33007, with 10
Southern Region Mark 1 vehicles.
REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
I would be interested to hear from any member who may have any
useful information on J.& G. Wells Ltd. who were colliery owners in
the Killamarsh and Eckington area of North Derbyshire.
Photographs of rolling stock and motive power used at Norwood,
Holbrook, or Westhorpe
collieries would be particularly useful, as would track layout
diagrams and connections with the main line railways. All
photographs and plans etc. loaned will be taken care of and will be
duly returned to the owner together with postage and other expenses'
Please contact Mr.A.C. Griffin,15,Johns Road, Radcliffe-on-Trent,
Notts. Tel: Radcliffe-on-Trent 3294.
COMPETITION NUMBER TWO
Winner of competition number 2-DIESELS was
Mr.D.Clark 7 Cunningham
Road, DONCASTER (His second win).
Runners up were Mr .J. Glossop 78 Studfield Hill, SHEFFIELD, and
Mr. J. Sanderson 35Becket Walk, SHEFFIELD
Answers are as follows-
1-D7667, 2-Chairman of the British Transport Commission
3-Incorporated in DP2 4-Stratford(30A)
6-Desert Sand livery 7-D5300 8-Devons Road (Bow)) 9-D0ver 4500 miles
COMPETITION NUMBER THREE
Listed below are 15 station names - can you put the correct towns to
First prize is £2, with second and third prizes of £1 each. Entries
to reach Jon Davis 81 Bowden Wood Crescent, Sheffield 9 before 12th
1-GILMOUR STREET 2-TANSHELF
3 - MUMPS 4-GRAHAMSTON
5-PRIORY 6-FORSTER SQUARE
8-HAMILTON SQUARE 9-SOUTH BEACH 10-NEW
STRAND 11-JUNCTION NEW STATION 12-MILVERTON
13-ST.THOMAS 14-VAUXHALL 15-LONDON ROAD HIGH LEVEL
CHEAP FARES ON INTERCITY 125
Western Region is to offer 8000 seats at a reduced day return fare
of £2.50 on a
limited number of midweek and Saturday Inter-City 125 trains from
Paddington and Reading to Bath, Bristol and South Wales for a ten
commencing on January 18th.
These special tickets will be available subject to a minimum of two
persons travelling together by certain trains on Tuesdays,
Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays to South Wales and on most
Saturdays to Bath and Bristol (during the period January 18 to March
Bookings for the special cheap tickets must be made in advance at
either Paddington or Reading travel centres. Written applications
should be received at Paddington at least 7 clear
days before the date of travel,
SHINKANSEN CARRIES ONE BILLION PASSENGERS
The Shinkansen is the Japanese standard gauge
high speed electrified Inter-City network, the first section of
which, between Tokyo and Osaka is known as the 'Tokaido'.
The number of passengers carried on the Shinkansen reached the
billion mark on May 25th 1976, that is on the 4255th. day counting
from October 1st.1964 when the line was inaugurated.
The number of trains operated has grown yearly to reach a total of
268 per day with the train kilometrage increasing from 28000 to
160,00Okm a day - a distance 4 times
the circumference of the earth. During the past 4255 days the
Shinkansen trains have covered about 374 million km, approximately
one round trip between the earth and the sun.
Particularly notable is the fact that none of the one billion
passengers has ever been killed or injured in accidents, a brilliant
success unparalleled elsewhere.
SEVERE WEATHER CONDITIONS
Severe wintry conditions hit most of the country on Thursday 13th
January. Information as to the disruption of services is limited at
present, but in South Yorkshire a freight train ran away on icy
rails coming down from Silverwood Colliery to Thrybergh Junction,
near Mexborough. The locomotive crew and guard jumped clear, but the
train finally brought Itself to a stand. All trains into Sheffield
from the South were suffering from heavy delays-the 17-22 St.
Pancras-Sheffield 'Master Cutler' arrived in Sheffield 140 minutes
late, while the 16.23 departure
from Sheffield-Harwich had not left Sheffield by 18.00.
Takings on the Sheffield-New Mills 'Paytrain' service were at record
levels as commuters leaving Sheffield found that journeys by road
were virtually Impossible. The 17.30 to New Mills 2 car DMU was
packed with passengers, and over 100 alighted at Dore and Totley.
One serious report concern the driver of the Euston-Stranraer boat
-brain who was killed when struck by an object while leaning out of
his cab. It is thought that he had been struck by ice.
LATE RAIL NEWS
On 2nd January 56012 and 56013 wore
noted on Tinsley while on 5th January the 16.35 Derby-Crewe was loco
hauled with 31151 providing the power. On the same day another
unusual observation at Derby was of 31183 hauling the 14.43
Leeds-Plymouth following an engine failure.
An Inter-City 3 car
unit is now at Derby Research Centre, the numbers
of the units being W52088 W59819 and
On 15th January the Harwich-Manchester
Boat Train suffered an engine failure and
a special was run between Sheffield and Manchester hauled by 40042.
Noted at Manchester Victoria on this day were 08129 and 40002.
An unusual sight at Bury MPD on 15th January was that of several
withdrawn electric units still in green livery.
The 18.35 Manchester-Sheffield
service was in the hands of a 3
set on 15th January. The cars in question were M50483,M59139,M50435.
COACHING STOCK NEWS-TRANSFERS
To Eastern Region- 25644 35394
To Midland Region- 4997 9450 13478 80431
To Western Region- 13441 80438 80439
THE MIDDLETON TOP ENGINE HOUSE
The Middleton Top Engine House on the former Cromford and High Peak
Railway is now an industrial monument, but when built represented a
triumph of science and technology over the unyielding Derbyshire
countryside a means by which trains could tackle steep gradients on
a line which cut through some of the most inaccessible countryside
The engine was built in 1829 to haul wagons up the 708 yard long
1:8.1/4 Middleton incline. It was made in Derbyshire at the
Butterley Iron Works and most of the original parts were in use when
the line closed 134 years later. The engine has been renovated by
the Derbyshire Archaeological Society.
The engine was attached to a continuous wire rope of 1670 yards
to haul trains up was what until 1894 a
single track .A communications system of bell and pointer signals
transmitted by wires was used between the bottom and top of the
incline and a wire-operated disc indicated 'B', 'G', or 'S' for
'Stand By',' Go or 'Stop'.
Two loaded or five empty wagons were allowed at any one time on the
incline or when worked without the assistance of the winding engine
one loaded or three empty wagons for ascending and two loaded or
five empties for descending.
The winding engine itself is a two cylinder low pressure condensing
beam type with a 14ft. diameter fly wheel. It was supplied with
steam by an old LNWR locomotive boiler in the adjoining engine shed
and two wagon loads of fuel came daily from the Carriage and Wagon
Works at Derby. Opposite the engine house are the remains of the
Stanton Iron Works Company's loading dock and behind the house are
two stone walls between which a tramway used to run connecting the
line with Middleton.
Quarry closures and increasing road competition were the main causes
for the decline of traffic on the Middleton-Friden section of the
line and on 12th August 1963 the
engine house was closed. The rails on the incline were lifted the
following year. The old locomotive boilers which supplied the steam
to the winding engine were cut up on site in March 1967 the year
that the rest of the line was closed.
Originally the Cromford and High Peak Railway had eight winding
engines all built in the 1820s, but the one at Middleton Top is the
only survivor. Although the Sheep Pasture incline remained in use
until 1967 the
steam winding engine was replaced in 1883 by a twin-cylinder
horizontal type engine which was itself replaced by an electric
motor. The Whaley Bridge incline was worked entirely by counter
balance with horses. Chains were used originally on the inclines but
were later replaced with wire ropes.